Respond to two or more of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of


Respond to two or more of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:

  • Address the content of each colleague’s analysis and evaluation of the topic and of the integration of the relevant resources.
  • Link each colleague’s posting to other colleagues’ postings or to other course materials and concepts, where appropriate and relevant.
  • Extend or constructively challenge your colleagues’ work.
  • Answer question(s) posed by your colleague(s) for further discussion.

Please note that for each response you must include a minimum of one appropriately cited scholarly reference.



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Two article respond (400 words each)


Individual Post #1 Instructions

Your task in this post is to respond to the three topic 1 readings.

Let your curiosity be your guide in how you respond, but here are some possible questions you might answer:

what was the muddiest concept in one of the readings?

what did you disagree with?

what was your ‘Aha!’ moment?

what do you want to learn more about?

…feel free to ask (and answer) your own question.



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Decisions! decisions! (follow the guided please and respond to the


 (DUE MONDAY 2/26/2018 PLEASE NO LATE WORK) 

Guided Response: Navigate through several of your classmate’s selected schools or programs that the Instructor provided and respond to at least two peers, paying close attention to the particular school or program they featured in their initial discussion post. Review the analysis of the decisions and cultural influences discussed and indicate how you agree or disagree with their analysis. As with previous discussions, though two replies is the basic expectation, for deeper engagement and learning, you are encouraged to provide responses to any comments or questions others have given to you. This will further the conversation and provide you with opportunities to demonstrate your content expertise, critical thinking, and real world experiences with this topic.  

 

I decided to select Megan Martin and Karen Crowe for this discussion. Both power point presentations were exceptional and I thought both ladies did a very nice job.  

  • Evaluate and describe the decisions program developer(s) and/or other professional(s) need to make in order to plan the school or program. I would have to say both are very different in teaching approaches and the Montessori would be more culture relevant from the research and my own personal experience. I love the partnership with the parents for Montessori Create a community that encourages discovery, diversity, and achievement; that is huge and diversity especially because we want students to feel secure in an environment they are in with different culture of children and their backgrounds.
  • Explain what macroscopic cultural influence likely supported the development and implementation of the program.

each have a similarity to the culture influence students. They each allow room and independence and responsibility.The Framework for 21st Century Learning (2007) states that educators must “Understand, negotiate and balance diverse views and beliefs to reach workable solutions, particularly in multi-cultural environments” (Flexibility and Adaptability, para. 2). Both examine the importance of diversity where they learn different languages and the teachers are expected to learn with them. Which I think is a great approach to incorporate culture and the relevancy to have in our classroom.    

  • Explain what microscopic cultural influence likely supported the development and implementation of the program.

The microscopic cultural influences are supported by their ethnics background and the value they have with the reputation they carry and the overall dedication in learning just as much as teaching them.

References:

Wardle, F. (2013). Human relationships and learning in the multicultural environment [Electronic               version]. Retrieved from

roncallicatholic.org

[email protected]

 

 

Decisions! Decisions!

          The two schools I decided to go off of are Jeanette and Karen’s schools.

  • Evaluate and describe the decisions program developer(s) and/or other professional(s) need to make in order to plan the school or program.

Both of these programs seemed to be very well thought out. They are programs that make the educators have a decision in their students’ education. Both programs have made it so the students can have some independence to show their creative side. They both respect the students’ views.

  • Explain what macroscopic cultural influence likely supported the development and implementation of the program.

The macroscopic cultural influence likely supported the development and implementation of the programs was the how the different factors were added into the classroom. This included race, religion, culture, and language. This was almost the same at both schools. The teachers were very supportive of the students and their different backgrounds.

  • Explain what microscopic cultural influence likely supported the development and implementation of the program.

The microscopic cultural influence likely supported the development and implementation of the programs through the expectations. They allowed the students to use the 21st century skills and to show what they are good at.



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Discussion( need response in 8 hours)please respond to both post)


“School Organization” Please respond to the following:

  • Analyze the models of school organizations and explain how they have helped to form your understanding and concepts of what a school is. Choose the model of school organization that has influenced your image of schools the most and explain why.
  • Think of how you would like schools to be organized and determine your top three priorities regarding the subject. Determine the support needed to establish these three priorities.

Peer Response

In my understanding of the models of schools organizations, in society one must learn the rules and regulation structure of the public school system. From my understanding, I see the public school system as warehouse and prison like settings. I think these students can learn if taught the rules and structure of the public school system. One of the structures that helps  students understand similarities and differences is the knowledge of concepts. It is important for students to have a good understanding of different concepts as it assist in their ability to follow rules, instruction and what they are asked to do. In order for students to use concepts in following rules and instructions, they need to have a good understanding about what these concepts are and what they mean. By developing this understanding they are better able to follow rules and instructions at school, home, and in a workforce environment. I think when students have difficulties with understanding concepts, they struggle to follow rules and instructions containing concepts. 

However, when this happens some schools develop alternative schools especially for students who misbehave in regular schools. Meanwhile, sometimes schools function like a hospitals and try to provide remediation, counseling and help. However, these alternatives serve as nothing more than warehouses where students, who present behavioral problems are stored away until they are shipped out. Some students shape up and get the understanding of concepts, according to rules and instructions in the public school systems. Nevertheless, sadly some students just fall into the pipeline system such as juvenile and prison systems.

Choose the model of school organization that has influenced your image of schools the most and explain.

The school as a warehouse or prison has influenced me the most do to students falling behind in their learning abilities. We have students from different backgrounds and cultures. The single parents and parents, who work long hours to keep their home together. These parents hardly have time to sit down and do homework with their children. In society now we see students, who feel like they don’t fit in with others and are picked on or picked at. However, it use to be what clothes students wore and the shoes they had on that got them picked on. Then came the school uniforms to help solve these problems. Next, comes the bullying of students for no real reasons, I think this has lead to school shootings and committing suicide. I feel like the public school system  operates some like the warehouse and prison stage. The  public schools have police at the schools for safety reasons and teachers must be aware of where their students are at all times. This makes it hard for them to teach and concentrate on the lesson plans for higher learning. Nevertheless, the problem of not having enough money for after school programs to help students and not enough money in the school budget for building new schools or purchasing technology for better learning. Our public school systems have a long way to go, but its never to late to make changes within our public schools.

Schlechty, P.C.(2009) Leading for Learning: How to transform schools into learning organizations. San Francisco, CA; Jossey-Bass.

“Leadership Practices” Please respond to the following:

  • From the first e-Activity, analyze the educational leadership practices discussed in the case study. Select the teacher leadership practice that you prefer and explain why.
  • From the second e-Activity, determine whether you are a teacher leader or not. If you consider yourself to be a teacher leader outside of the classroom, examine three different ways that you share your teacher leadership skills with your coworkers. If you do not consider yourself to be a teacher leader, propose three ways that you could become a teacher leader. Create five best practices for effective teacher leadership that can be utilized when transforming from a school into a learning organization. (Best practices can come from a combination of personal experience, text, outside research, etc.)

Peer Response

When I think about teacher leadership, I first think about the principal that he/she works under. I for one have great assistant/academy principals and an executive principal who has pulled leadership out of me. For instance I have been pulled demonstrate many leadership positions such as professional development trainer, content lead teacher, teacher mentoring, and so on. Good leaders understand the strengths and weakness of those they work with and they know how to utilize them for the greater good of the organization, community, team, etc. They also understand that what we are working towards is important for those we serve and for those who they area guiding (teachers). Good leaders can help you realize your potential and talent. I have tried to model this type of leadership that my principals have shown me in my classroom. An effective school principal embodies the following attributes; sets clear values, vision, and mission, improves conditions for teaching and learning, and promotes student achievement. According to  Subber (2011) these thee attributes are a just few of what an effective school leader embodies, however they are the most important ones and have proven to change the dynamics of poor performing schools. Masumoto and Brown-Welthy (2009) quote Murphy and Shipman who said “a school administrator is an educational leader who promotes the success of all students by collaborating with families and community members, responding to diverse community interests and needs, and mobilizing community resources” (1999, p. 218).

            The types of leadership styles that were discussed in the case study were transformational, distributive or collaborative, and instructional leadership. I like the transformational leadership the most because I think that it is important for a leader to establish certain norms. Ubben, et at., (2011) suggest that principals should be transformational leaders. Transformation leaders best practices are to assists and solicits members of an organization for ideas and decisions. Before the transformational leader can solicit ideas, he/she first need a clear understanding of what the purpose or mission is of the school. Questions that the school leader should reflect on are; what is the need or needs that are to be met, how will we achieve these needs, and by what actions? The leader has to examine what has been done before; what education and teaching standards have been in place and are these standards beneficial to student achievement Ubben, et at., p.11 (2011).  All of these questions are what shape the mission of a school. In order for the organization to be lead into a desired direction, the school leader has to decide on a mission for the school. The school leader must establish clear goals that are based on the values and vision of the school; the mission should be a reflection of how the leader plans to achieve the goals according to the book, The Principal Ubben, Hughes, and Norris (2011). The principal’s values may even be a reflection of his/hers personal interest in education; for instance a principal may feel in order to have quality instruction for students, discipline, must be the dwelling force to drive student achievement. The principal then may spend a significant amount of time imbedding and perfecting the discipline structure as a value of the school. Value by definition means “that something is held to deserve or of importance, or useful” (Ubben, et al., 2011). Clear values conveys a clear vision or image of what the principal desires for an education system. Vision by definition is describe as “the capacity to create or communicate a view of the desired state of affairs that induces commitment among these working in the organization” (Ubben, et at., 2011). I am a teacher leader in training, but I have a desire to help people pull out the best in them, whether that is students or other teachers/colleagues.

REFERENCE:

Lecture, (no date). Retrieved from:https://blackboard.strayer.edu/bbcswebdav/institution/EDU/558/1212/Week3-1212/Lecture1/EDU558_W3/player.html

Masumoto, M., & Brown-Welty, S. (2009). Case Study of Leadership Practices and School-Community Interrelationships in High-Performing, High-Poverty, Rural California High Schools. Journal of Research in Rural Education, 24(9). Retrieved [July 9, 2018] from http://jrre.psu.edu/articles/24-1.pdf

Suber, C. (2009). Characteristics of Effective Principals in High-Poverty South Carolina Elementary Schools. The Connextions, 1-14.

Tobin, J. (2014). Management and Leadership Issues for School Building Leaders . NCPEA International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, 1-14.

Ubben, G. C., Hughes, L. W., & Norris, C. J. (2011). The Principal. New Jersey: Pearson



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Discussion( need response in 6hours)please respond to both post)


Personal Philosophy  Please respond to the following:

  • Define the concept of human rights as it fits with your personal philosophy of global education.
  • Describe the most important human rights challenge that affects global education and justify your position.

Peer Question:

My educational Philosophy is: To establish positive and healthy relationships with my students. Build, create and encourage a positive classroom culture that fosters structure, positive and negative behavior, reinforcements and interactive lessons that supports and provides the opportunity for all learners to engage. Finally I believe that once both of these aspects have been met successfully teaching the content will complete the holistic classroom.

 The concept of human rights to me is the life and beings deserve a certain level of respect and dignity no matter the circumstance. People should not be valued only because of their upbringing, sufferings, education and struggles but because they are beings who lives are worth far more than money, fame, etc. I think that one of the most important challenges that affects global education is the resistance to it from those in power (at times). We have been learning about proponents and opponents to global education and I think we see that this is prevalent today in our society. Everybody is worried about their own culture, values, and traditions and I think the thought of global education can be threatening- in some respects. I think that we are so divided and polarized by a lot of things that it is hard to look at global problems or issues as our own, especially in the US. I have heard of school setting where teachers did not feel comfortable discussing real world problems because it can be viewed negatively 



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Special populations ( respond to peers please follow the guided)


 

 Guided Response: Respond to at least two of your classmates.Provide feedback regarding your shared or differing perspectives and pose a question to promote critical thinking. 

  

Part 1:

  • What did the article suggest was important in helping teachers prepare for instructional planning when including Special Populations?

The article suggested that the opinion of cooperating teachers has a great toll on how student teachers think and react to situations in the classroom and how they plan their lessons. They do this based on the assumptions that the cooperating teachers have been doing it for so long and the assumption that cooperating teachers are doing something that works. However, when it comes down to handling behavioral issues, student teachers do refer back to university coursework.

  • What do YOU believe is important to consider when it comes to the student teaching experience and the relationship between student teacher and cooperating teacher?

I believe that the most important thing to consider when it comes to the student teaching experience and the relationship between student teacher and cooperating teacher is that everyone is not always right. We must keep in mind that everyone is not acceptable to change. Education is something like a revolving door and new things appear and develop everyday. What has worked for the previous generation may not work for the present generation. Resources improve and so do our methods of teaching.

  • Conduct some research within the Ashford Library and locate an academic resource that addresses special populations and designing assessments with them in mind. Share the resource you find and summarize it within your response.

The resource that I choose talks about how teachers should make alternatives for students with disabilities so that they can also succeed academically. This article suggests that the course design should be beneficial to all students by using multiple channels (Ali, 2018). I think that different lessons will require different assessments but educators have to keep in mind what students they have in their classrooms and tailor assignments to meet their abilities

References

Ali, L. (2018). The Design of Curriculum, Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education with Constructive Alignment. Journal Of Education And E-Learning Research, 5(1), 72-78.

 

Part I

What did the article suggest was important in helping teachers prepare for instructional planning when including Special Populations?

“The aspects of instructional decision-making that participants reported being influenced by these sources were planning, teaching style, teaching methods, behavior management, and handling of a difficult moment” (Cook, 2007, p. 121-122, para. 5). Student teachers need help from their cooperating teacher. The article mentioned that the cooperating teacher was the primary source of influence for all their decisions.

What do YOU believe is important to consider when it comes to the student teaching experience and the relationship between student teacher and cooperating teacher?

As I have gone through a student teaching experience, it is important to be open and communicate with your fellow student teachers as well as your cooperating teacher. The cooperating teacher can be your best friend when it comes to making instructional planning decisions. I always had a meeting with my cooperating teacher before planning a new unit because I wanted her opinion. Not only did she have many years of experience as a teacher, but she also had several years of experience as a cooperating teacher and she helped many student teachers before me. It is important for the relationship between the student teacher and the cooperating teacher to be honest and have open communication. It is also important to consider trust in the relationship and you are going to this person for ideas that you may not think are strong and the cooperating teacher can be the one to reassure you that you have good ideas.

Part II

Conduct some research within the Ashford Library and locate an academic resource that addresses special populations and designing assessments with them in mind. Share the resource you find and summarize it within your response.

Hager, K. D., & Slocum, T. A. (2011). Using Alternate Assessment to Improve Educational Outcomes. Rural Special Education Quarterly, 30(1), 24–29. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com.proxy-library.ashford.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ1148007&site=eds-live&scope=site

This article is about specific assessments that are designed with special populations in mind. They are aligned with the state content standards just like general assessments used for the general education.

References

Cook, L. (2007). When in Rome…: Influences on special education student-teachers’ teaching. International Journal of Special Education, 22 (3), 118-130. Retrieved from ERIC Digest. 

Hager, K. D., & Slocum, T. A. (2011). Using Alternate Assessment to Improve Educational Outcomes. Rural Special Education Quarterly, 30(1), 24–29. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com.proxy-library.ashford.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ1148007&site=eds-live&scope=site



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Respond to two or more of your colleagues’


Respond to two or more of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:

  • Address the content of your colleague’s analysis and evaluation of the topic, as well as the integration of the relevant resources.
  • Address a question posed by your colleague for further Discussion.
  • Link your colleague’s posting to other colleagues’ postings, or to other course materials and concepts, where appropriate and relevant.

Please note that, for each response, you must include a minimum of one appropriately cited scholarly reference.



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Student individual identity development (respond to peers)


 Guided Response: Select two of your classmates’ discussions and reflect on their viewpoints regarding the key issues of focus. In your response, compare and contrast your own discussion with your classmates’ viewpoints, or offer any new learning that has occurred for you in relation to their perspectives. 

  

As Evans et al. (2010) noted, Chickering argued that the college environment has a tremendous influence over a college student’s development (Chickering, 1969; Chickering & Reiser, 1993). Select one of the key issues facing today’s college freshmen from the list below and use any individual identity theory (or combination of theories) to justify your discussion as to how the issue may influence a student’s college persistence and/or academic success:

  1. Academic preparedness

The transition from high school college can be overwhelming for the students that were dependent in college. These students wait for teachers to remind them of assignments and are forgetful when it comes to academics. I see it now with middle school students, their teacher has to run them down to turn assignments that were due the week before but their parent begged for an extension.

I think the person component of Bronfenbrenner’s theory is the cause of this issue. One of Sedlacek’s eight noncognitive variables is successfully handling the system. If the student had a hard time “handling the system” in high school they are not development to be prepared for college

.

Evans, N. J., Forney, D. S., Guido, F. M., Patton, L. D., & Renn, K. A. (2010). Student development in college: Theory, research, and practice. 2nd ed.

 

As Evans et al. (2010) noted, Chickering argued that the college environment has a tremendous influence over a college student’s development (Chickering, 1969; Chickering & Reiser, 1993). Select one of the key issues facing today’s college freshmen from the list below and use any individual identity theory (or combination of theories) to justify your discussion as to how the issue may influence a student’s college persistence and/or academic success:

  1. Academic preparedness
  2. Family-related issues
  3. Job-related issues

Erickson theorized that people develop their identity in different stages starting from babies.  These identity development stages can affect today’s college students and their success in higher education.   In his fourth stage called Industry vs Inferiority, Erickson believed that children begin to expand from their parents although they are still influential in their decisions.  When they feel encourage and support, they begin to test new ideas and new skills that might be helpful or useful to others. This is referred to as industry.  An example of a skill that would be helpful could be seen in students who are successful in math. They may offer to tutor others or form study groups for the benefit of others. This can be seen in high school as well as in college.  If students during this stage do not get encouragement or support, they can develop inferiority complexes.  Freshman college students who struggle with identity may not know what they want to do when they start higher education. They may take a few general classes waiting to see if a particular area of study is the right fit. They may start a career path and then change after two semesters wracking up credits and perhaps debt with no real diploma or career in sight.  This can lead to frustration and disenchantment with college as a whole. This can also end with dropout and unsatisfying low- level, low-paying jobs.

Evans, N. J., Forney, D. S., Guido, F. M., Patton, L. D., & Renn, K. A. (2010). Student development in college: Theory, research, and practice  (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.(2nd ed.).



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Respond to discussion question preschool


Respond to two classmates discussion post

1.  

Montessori or Reggio Emilia- a combination or neither? Preschools are very vital to a child’s learning because it teaches them some important aspects when they are old enough to attend. Things such as how to behave, follow directions, and interact with peers to name a few.  All the lessons learned would be with them all throughout life, and could possibly shape their future. I use the word possibly because some children are highly educated however, chose not to use their knowledge in a productive manner.   There are also academic topics they will be taught without any child having negative feelings about themselves or the staff members. While children are at preschool they should feel welcomed and safe, without worrying about how others perceive them.

When I consider what approach would be beneficial to my preschool. Montessori would be a similar route for me because I would want my preschool to aid all children. Whether it is a child with limitations or one with a high IQ, being a facility for all is a motto that everyone could adapt to. The fact that she was a physician that dedicated herself to working with children that had disabilities was commendable and he taught about and showed structure. This is something that is a must when trying to interact with children who have disabilities and those that do not. I would also incorporate the Emilia method due to it allowing children to use their hands and be creative. When you consider how both techniques go hand and hand. My approach would best fit both methods due to how each would run and better equip the children for when they head to a more advanced school. The confidence they would receive gives them the thought, anything is possible. Then they can carry Philippians 4:13 “I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me”. This is a scripture they could take with them everywhere they go.

2.  If it were my daycare, I would have a combination of both Montessori and Reggio Emilia. The reason for it is because I believe children should be learning at any age and they should be exercising that part of the brain even if they aren’t in real school yet. I’ve worked in the school systems and a lot of what I see is division because some children go into kindergarten not as advanced as other children. At the same time, everyone is different and should be helped and guided along the way. I think our children learn so much at a young age and it is important for them to build their education on a foundation that’ll only help them build great knowledge along their years of living. 



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