consensus-building road map | Criminal homework help


You will complete this assignment as if you have been asked to provide an engaging and informative help resource for new administrators that addresses the following topics: 

  1. How to navigate the needs and expectations of differing stakeholders: recognize and strategize for a win-win every time
  2. Conflicting values and principles of different groups: what to look for, how to empathize, and adjusting your approach
  3. Ethical dilemmas: what to expect, what to do, and what not to do

Each point should receive a response between 300-400 words and should be informed by the textbook and a minimum of two additional academic resources.

Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

Summative assessment: program services proposal

In earlier classes in the program, you may have created a proposal for a service program you would like to build or be part of. This assignment asks you to add your facilitation skills to the creation of a service program for justice-involved individuals. It’s important to think through how you plan to engage with offenders or justice-involved individuals.

To be an effective facilitator and facilitate effective interactions with justice-involved individuals, it’s essential for professional service workers to reflect on their own mental state and their knowledge acquisition and consider how they best approach their clients. While your future workplace will dictate a lot about what program services will be offered, you will want to have your own personal philosophy on what appropriate program services should be offered to different individuals.

** 1,000-word proposal for a service plan based on facilitation skills and strategies discussed in this course. Begin by choosing a target population of offenders.

Include the following in your proposal:

  • Introduction (Who is your target population? What problem are you addressing?)
  • Proposal (What is your solution to the problem? Use the questions listed below.)
  • What programs and services do you want to be offering your demographic group?
  • Why do you want to provide those services rather than others?
  • Submit your proposal.

Police subculture | CJUS500_B02_202220 | fiu

  at least 500 words Discuss the 2 roles of police officers: the public servant and the  crime fighter. Utilize current research to explain why some people may  believe police subculture is breaking down. Review the video titled  “Constitutional Law and the Criminal Justice System)” found in this  module’s Learn section. Integrate an analysis of “Biblical Themes,”  legalism, and licentiousness, as discussed in the video. How do these  concepts tie into the roles of police officers as public servants and  crime fighters? 

Corrections unit 7 assignment | Law homework help

The purpose of this assignment is to understand the major issues facing jails and their management to assist in differentiating between jails and prisons.Read Chapter 7 in the Text and examine the resources for chapter 7 in the resources section and answer the following questions:

  1. List three major issues facing jails in the modern era. Discuss Each in detail.
  2. Provide a resolution for each issue cited and do you believe these solutions are feasible given today’s budgetary restraints and concerns?

Criminal justice | Criminal homework help

1.  What were the major police-related offices and their functions during the early English and colonial periods?

2.  What legacies of colonial policing remained intact after the American Revolution?

3.  List the three early issues of American policing, and describe their present status.

4. What were some of the major characteristics of the political and reform eras of policing? How did they square with the earlier principles of policing as set forth by Sir Robert Peel?

5. What led to the development of the contemporary community-oriented policing and problem-solving era, and what are some of its main features?

Chapter 1 provides an introduction to the textbook and to the topic of policing in America. It begins with a brief introduction to how four primary criminal justice officers (sheriff, constable, coroner, and justice of the peace) developed in early England and how they function in modern-day America. The early English system of policing is discussed, including a brief review of the early frankpledge system, an explanation for its failure by the sixteenth century, and a discussion of the potential for corruption and the need for a new system of policing in England by about 1800.

The chapter then moves on to a review of policing in colonial America, which first closely resembled the system used in England. Several colonial-era “crime waves” are discussed, including one involving the Puritans and Quakers and another involving witchcraft. Law enforcement was a low-priority issue in colonial America, which created problems after the American Revolution, when it became clear that America, like England, required a more formal and dependable system of law enforcement. The three main legacies of the colonial period to modern policing are reviewed: the commitment to local policing, the development of republicanism, and the beginnings of crime prevention theory.

The contributions of three English reformers—Henry Fielding, John Fielding, and Patrick Colquhoun—are discussed. The influence of Sir Robert Peel and his eventual success in creating a full-time, paid police force in London is reviewed. The London Metropolitan Police Act, passed in 1829, created the London Metropolitan Police. The characteristics of the new force are described, along with many of Peel’s forward-thinking ideas. Peel’s twelve principles of policing are discussed.

Americans observed Peel’s successes and eventually the move to improve policing in America led to the development of a full-time force in New York. However, the first organized, publicly funded “modern” form of policing in the United States is arguably the Southern slave patrols, which were the legal mechanism for enforcing the slave codes that defined slaves as property and gave slave masters the right to control their property through discipline and punishment. The first slave patrol was probably organized in South Carolina in 1704; slave patrols enforced colonial and state laws and had the right to flog slaves who violated the codes.

Although the New York City police force was modeled after Peel’s force, there were several key differences, including placing the force under local political control. Other cities quickly adopted the basic model and by 1880, nearly every major city in America had a police force based on the Peel model. The three key issues that these departments faced included the question of whether they should wear uniforms, whether they should be armed, and the extent to which they should use force. These issues are discussed. The system of political patronage prevailed in most cities. The primary determinant of police behavior was tradition. Hostile interactions between citizens and the police were common but large cities in the late nineteenth century did become more orderly places. Religious and ethnic disputes developed within many departments and political influences were extremely strong. Police corruption surfaced and officers routinely committed perjury to protect each other against civilian complaints.

The American frontier developed a different form of policing, because of the absence of government. The four main groups responsible for keeping the peace and enforcing the law in the west included private citizens, federal marshals and their deputies, businessmen, and town officials. Vigilantism and “informal justice” were common on the frontier. 

Because police departments were under local political control, they frequently provided a very wide variety of social services, in addition to crime fighting, crime prevention and order maintenance. Some departments operated soup kitchens, provided temporary lodging in station houses for new immigrants and the homeless, and found lost children.

The reform or professional era of policing was characterized by an attempt to eliminate political patronage. The development of the concept of policing as a profession emerged as reformers realized the primary cause of police corruption and politicization was partisan politics. During the early twentieth century, August Vollmer pioneered the police professionalism movement but also advocated the view of police as social workers. Vollmer and other reformers emphasized the removal of political influence from policing, leading to the development of civil service systems. Other innovations included the application of the scientific theory of administration to policing, limitations on discretion, and the creation of specialized units. The “crime fighter image” emerged during this period as well.

The early 1900s also saw the development of crime commissions, including the Wickersham Commission, which produced the first the first national study of crime and criminal justice in 1931. The Commission’s reports included a detailed discussion of police misconduct and corruption, and provided a blueprint for police professionalism. Another influence on policing in the mid-twentieth century was William H. Parker, who became the chief of the Los Angeles Police Department in 1950. He worked to transform the LAPD into an extremely professional department, with rigorous selection standards and training programs. He also developed the concept of the “thin blue line.” The civil rights movement in the late 1960s and 1970s greatly impacted the police, placing them in opposition to many college-aged youths and minority groups in the United States. Events such as the 1968 Democratic National Convention, which was eventually termed a “police riot”, led to questions and concerns about the police and their function and role. The police were focused on reform and professionalism, but the failure of the professional era is evident from the large number of urban race riots, attacks against the police, and other forms of upheaval and unrest. Many of the police-community relations problems were linked to the larger problem of racism in American society.

The social unrest of the 1960s and the concerns about the police led to the formation of a number of national commissions in the 1960s and 1970s to examine police practices. The most well known was the President’s Crime Commission; its report restated many of Peel’s principles and basically called for a retreat from the professional model of policing. This led to a new stream of research that challenged traditional methods of policing and dispelled many basic assumptions underlying police activities.

This led to the beginning of the community era of policing. The concept of team policing evolved and was implemented but ultimately failed due to poor planning, hasty implementation, and lack of support by middle management. Other developments in the 1970s and early 1980s included a return to foot patrol and the introduction of the problem-oriented approach to policing. This eventually led to the development of community-oriented policing and problem solving. The factors that set the stage for the emergence of community policing and problem solving, which primarily involve police isolation from the public, are reviewed. The potential of the community era is described, but several concerns that remain are also discussed.

Lecture Notes

Policing before “modern” police departments
English and Colonial Officers of the Law

 Four primary criminal justice officials in early England—all either still exist or existed until recently in the United States
•    From the term “shire reeve”
•    Maintained law and order in the tithings
•    Basic source of rural crime control in the United States

•    Traced back to Anglo-Saxon times
•    In American colonies, had control over night watch
•    Unpaid, little prestige

•    Various roles throughout history
•    Determines cause of death
•    Issues over qualifications

Justice of the Peace
•    Existed as early as 1195 in England
•    Presided over trials, issued warrants for arrest
•    Lay and inexpert upholders of the law

The Old English System of Policing
Old English Traditions
•    Frankpledge
•    Constable / justice of the peace system
•    Decline of system by 1800

Policing in Colonial America
•    Early “crime waves”
•    Break down of citizen-participation form of policing
•    Social and political unrest

Legacies of the Colonial Period
•    Commitment to local policing
•    Republicanism
•    Theory of crime prevention
•    London experiments with policing
•    Contributions of Henry Fielding, John Fielding, Patrick Colquhoun

Police Reform in England
•    Impact of urbanization and industrialization on policing
•    Sir Robert Peel—Metropolitan Police Act of 1829
•    London Metropolitan Police
•    Peel’s principles of policing
•    Emphasis on crime prevention

Policing Comes to the United States
•    United States watching Peel’s experiments
•    Less urgency for full-time policing in the United States until industrialization increased
•    Policing eventually became entrenched in America and evolved through three eras: political, reform, community

The Political Era—1840s to 1930s
Imitating Peel
•    New York City established full-time preventive police force in 1844
•    Very different from London model
•    Local control
•    Encouraged political patronage

Early Issues and Traditions
•    Uniforms
•    Firearms
•    Use of force

Attempts at Reform in Difficult Times
•    Policing a popular job
•    System of political patronage prevailed over merit systems for hiring police
•    Tradition a key determinant of police behavior
•    Police were multifunctional: dealt with riots, fires, strikes

Increased Politics and Corruption
•    Ethnic, religious disputes common in police departments
•    Political influences affected promotions, assignments, transfers
•    Police corruption surfaced
•    The “shoofly” —early form of internal affairs

Meanwhile, on the American Frontier…
•    Absence of government creates variety of forms of policing in West
•    Private citizens (posses, bounty hunters, vigilantes), U.S. Marshals, businessmen, town officials all assumed responsibility for law enforcement

The Entrenchment of Political Influence
•    Police provided wide variety of services to citizens
•    Decentralized organizational style
•    Officers recruited from ethnic groups in community
•    Officers integrated into neighborhoods
•    Lack of organizational control contributed to inefficiency and disorganization

The Reform Era: 1930s to 1980s
Attempts to Thwart Political Patronage
•    Reformers sought to remove political involvement by the police
•    Civil service systems were created to eliminate political patronage
•    Focus on crime control over “social work” noncrime activities
•    Emphasis on production and unity of control
•    Police leaders routinized and standardized police work, limited discretion as much as possible

The Era of August Vollmer 
•    One of the most important periods in the development of police professionalism
•    Vollmer a leading proponent of police professionalism
•    Innovations included police school, crime lab, mobile patrol force, college students as recruits, recruitment standards, first radio car
•    Advocated police as social workers

The Crime Fighter Image
•    O.W. Wilson emerged in 1930s as the leading authority on police administration, police role was redefined, crime fighter image became more popular
•    Professionalism came to mean a combination of managerial efficiency and technological sophistication and an emphasis on crime fighting
•    Social work aspects of policing disappeared

The Wickersham Commission
•    First national study of crime and criminal justice
•    Report made many recommendations calling for increased police professionalism

Police as the “Thin Blue Line”: William H. Parker
•    Focus on police as professional crime fighters
•    Police as “thin blue line”
•    Opposed restrictions on police methods
•    Conflicts between effective police operations and individual rights should be resolved in favor of the police
•    Rights of society took precedence over rights of individual

1960s and 1970s: The Struggle for Civil Rights
•    Social turbulence, civil disobedience, progress in civil rights
•    Police focused on professional model – removed from personal contact with the public
•    Major race riots across the United States
•    Failure of police–community relations

A Retreat from the Professional Model
Coming Full Circle to Peel: President’s Crime Commission
•    National commission focusing on solutions to America’s internal crime problems
•    Included many recommendations for police
•    Restated many of Peel’s original principles
•    Systematic demolition of assumptions underlying professional era of policing

The Community Era: 1980s to Present
•    Team policing concept a failure
•    Foot patrol became popular
•    Problem-oriented approach to policing
•    Demise of professional era, and the emergence of the community era of policing

President’s Task Force on Twenty-First Century Policing
•    Established in 2014 to identify best practices and offer recommendations on how policing practices can promote effective crime reduction while building public trust
•    Produced a series of recommendations focused along six core themes
•    Final report supported by many government officials, academics, members of the public
•    Recommendations have been implemented slowly and inconsistently

From world war to cold war (online)


Instructions: In 200-300 words, respond to the following prompts. Each prompt should be supported with research.  

  1. Describe the significance of the Truman Doctrine to the Cold War. 
  2. How did the Marshall Plan impact the future of Europe? 
  3. How did the social and racial changes that occurred during WWII impact U.S. society after the war? 
  4. What is NATO and why was (is) it important to the West? 
  5. What was the Red Scare? What role did the HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee) play during the Red Scare? What was the overall impact of the Red Scare on U.S. society?

Use only sources found in the GCU Library, those provided in Topic/Course Materials, or those recommended by your instructor. Cite three to five relevant, scholarly sources in support of the content.

This assignment uses a scoring guide. Please review the scoring guide prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines. 

Theories of crime and justice

The Pruitt-Igoe Myth Full Video (01:23:01)

Short Response 2: The documentary The Pruitt-Ioge Myth presents a look at government housing in the United States.  After watching the documentary, choose one scene that could be analyzed with any of the Chicago School Theories.  After using the theories to analyze, answer the question, what role did government play in the creation of the problems that existed in the projects in the United States? 

The response should be no less than 500 words in length and must reference specific parts of
the documentaries as support for your analysis.  Failure to meet these requirements will result in a “0”.

Unit 8 final paper | Law homework help

Students will develop a program to fix a crime problem along with a policy evaluation of the theoretical program.

The final paper will be about 4-5 pages in length. The paper will be submitted as a Word document in Blackboard. All papers should be Times New Roman 12 font, double-spaced, APA format, with a title and reference page.

CJ 4600 Unit 8 Final Paper Guidelines

  1. 1)  What is the name of your program?
  2. 2)  What is the mission of your program?
  3. 3)  Why is your program needed?
  4. 4)  What issue/criminal justice problem does it attempt to address/gap fill?
  5. 5)  Who will be served by your program?
  6. 6)  What is your target number and kind of participants?
  7. 7)  Where will your program take place?
  8. 8)  When will your program take place?
  9. 9)  What will be the various characteristics of your program (e.g. counseling,
    employment assistance, peacemaking circles, coffee with a cop, self-defense
    classes, a new curriculum on racial profiling for the police academy, etc)

10)How will you evaluate your program? Will you use a random-controlled trial

(RCT)? Will you use surveys, pre and post tests, interviews, focus groups,

participant observation, etc?
11)What will be the independent and dependent variables guiding your

12)What will be the sample size?
13)How will you protect human subjects (confidentiality, voluntary nature, IRB,

14)What are the limitations of your study? 15)What are the threats to your study?

*Include a Title Page, Reference Page, and section your paper to include an introduction to the issue, program overview, evaluation plan, human subjects protections, conclusion, and ideas for next steps/future research.

Assignment 2: anatomy of a family law case

Due Week 8 and worth 240 points

Review Chapter 9: Family Law of the textbook in preparation for this assignment.

Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you:

Include a brief summary of the definition of a family.

Explain how marriage is a contract with the state.

Examine and discuss three (3) rights and / or benefits that are conferred by marriage.

Describe the process of ending spousal relationships and examine three (3) challenges that may occur as a result of ending the relationship.

Use at least two (2) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length. 

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Describe contractual agreements, and the implication for property disputes and Family Law.

Use technology and information resources to research issues related to civil and criminal procedures.

Write clearly and concisely about issues in law and the legal system using proper writing mechanics.

Corrections unit 8 assignment | Law homework help

The purpose of this assignment is to understand the differences in Criminal Justice and community Justice. Community Justice is gaining popularity within the practitioner and policy maker communities and students should be able to articulate the differences between the two justice systems.

Using the textbooks and a minimum three (3) peer-reviewed journal articles as references for information of paper, write a paper (minimum 5 pages total with 3 pages for body of paper) in meticulous APA format, spelling and grammar describing the differences between community justice and criminal justice.