What Is the Difference Between an Essay, a Dissertation and a Thesis?

These three assignment types; essays, dissertations and theses are all important to students because at some point in the life of a student, there will be the request to complete at least one of the assignment types listed above!

Essays, dissertations and theses are all types of academic documents, produced by scholars and students and based on a specific question, subject matter or dilemma. They are used by colleges, schools, sixth forms and Universities as a means of determining how well a student is performing in a certain subject area and how well they have grasped crucial knowledge about a particular subject. And yet essays, dissertations and theses’ are also often used to see how well a student is able to respond to specific questions on a particular subject matter and how well developed their skills are in terms of actually writing essays.

So what exactly is an essay? What is a dissertation? And what is a thesis?

The online dictionary defines an essay as; ‘(a) a short literary composition on a literary subject, usually presenting the personal view of the author, (b) something resembling such a composition.’

The online dictionary goes on to define a dissertation as; ‘a treatise advancing a new point of view resulting from research, usually a requirement for an advanced academic degree.’

And finally a thesis shares the same definition as a dissertation on the online dictionary website, with one crucial difference; a thesis is usually longer than a dissertation.

So ultimately an essay, a dissertation and a thesis all share many traits:

  • They are all literary compositions; that is to say that they are written documents or pieces of text.

  • They all reflect in some way the author’s point of view.

  • They are all based on some form of research.

  • They are all discussing some form of topic or subject matter.

  • They can all be used as a means of academic testing.

However, there are differences between these three academic assignment types, and when you are completing either an essay, a dissertation or a thesis it is important to know what it is that defines the document as either one of these forms or assignment types so that you can ensure that you approach the completion of the document correctly.

Some of the main differences separating out these three document types are:

  • Essays are generally shorter than dissertations and theses.

  • Essays are usually used to explore an argument or to provide more information on a particular subject. Thus you’ll find that most essay questions start with ‘who, what, where, how or why’. They are looking for a conclusion to be drawn by the author, following an assessment of research that is already available.

  • Dissertations are usually looking for the author to find new evidence to draw a conclusion about a specific subject matter, as the definition states, to ‘advance a new point of view’. This means that dissertations are looking to add to the research pool on a specific subject, not simply discuss research that is already available.

– Theses usually hold the same aims and goals as dissertations, but the level of exploration and investigation into a particular subject matter is greater, and so the length of a thesis is generally longer than that of a dissertation.


Persuasive Essay Topics – How to Come Up With Persuasive Topics For Your Readers

You need to come up with persuasive essay topics to effectively drive your point home. In fact, these literary texts, as the name implies, are created to persuade readers to your way of thinking.

In more ways than none, persuasive essay topics should convey the meaning of your reasoning. In fact, the topic should be constructed in a direct and concise manner, leaving no room for error and purely debatable.

You might say that the context of a persuasive essay should be open for more reasoning from other people.

What To Write About

When picking out persuasive essay topics to write about, it would be best to stick with your own personal opinions so that you will have a definite idea on what to put in it.

In most cases, you need to come up with a topic that will allow others to see your point of view, and telling them to believe that what you write is true.

Common topics for persuasive writing today include those of moral issues, like abortion, premarital sex, physical abuse on women, and so on. These general topics are purely debatable, and will be a perfect topic for your opinionated work.

Also, it would also be best to pick one where you have some experience in. You need to provide sample scenarios, as well as other details to drive your point home.

How To Pick Out A Topic

For starters, you need to come up with persuasive essay topics that are interesting to your readers. Your literary work will count as nothing if there are no one to share with your thoughts and opinions.

First off, choose a topic that is interesting for you before you consider how others will react to it. You need to make sure that you are very interested in the topic before you can persuade others about it.

Next, you need to think of the method on how you want to relay it to your readers. You first need to determine the reason for your essay, before you can write persuasive content about it. Set your objective first, and then come up with a way to write it in an interesting manner for your readers to enjoy.

In a matter of speaking, picking out persuasive essay topics is like telling yourself what you want to convey to the rest of the world. Besides, you need to be knowledgeable enough about it to persuade yourself before you can actually persuade others with it.


How to Write a Well Structured Essay

During college, or whenever you prepare for a scholarship or a conference, you will need to write an essay. Moreover, a part of the internet writing jobs requested by your clients are based on essays, and considering the fact that this is one of the best paid web content service, it is definitely a good idea to know how to write those kinds of website contents.

Choosing a subject

If your client requests a certain subject, and he will usually do, you will have limited options, but this does not mean that you can’t offer quality internet writing. It is important to respect those demands, but you will need to be creative and to have an original approach to the subject. Before writing any word, you will have to see what other pieces were written on the respective subject.

Even if you have a general subject that gives you the freedom to be original, you will need to particularize it with your approach. It is also important to see what other resources you find on the respective subject, to have some sources of inspiration, but also to make sure that you offer web content service. Unlike SEO articles where you just need to write original words, in the case of essays, it is important to be original with your idea also. Your essay would probably have some resources at its base, but a client would never accept website contents that were already published somewhere else.

Starting your project

The introduction must be a description of the debated subject, and your opinion about the respective matter. Expressing a point of view is one of the most difficult parts of the essay. Later, you will have to explain in a single phrase what is the essence of your work. Expressing your point of view is one of the most difficult parts of the essay, with a concise, specific and clear idea.

You should not promise that you would analyze, examine or question an idea, as you just need to sustain a certain point of view about the subject. As an example, a good point of view might sound like this:

“I will sustain that the economical differences between the states that are in transition are the result of economic and political choices made at the beginning of the process”. A point of view, which is not clearly explained, might sound like this: “I would like to analyze the economic differences of the states that are in transition”. The first version clearly explains a point of view, and it justifies it, while the second would only explain some facts.

The point of view is one of the few places of an essay where it is accepted to write on the first person, while in an essay, you should write on the third person. Considering the length of the essay, you will need to bring a number of arguments that would sustain your point of view. It is recommended to enumerate those ideas in the following paragraph “Three arguments would be brought to sustain this point of view: the first one would show that… the second one is about… , and the last one would prove to you that…”

The content of the essay

The content of the essay would elaborate the arguments that were presented in the first part of the essay. Each chapter would start with a “subject-phrase” that would express the argument and the position of the author about the respective matter. If you use chapters, give those names so they would be suited with the structure of the essay, and also easy to read. The discussion should follow the exposure of each argument in a well-structured manner: facts, ideas and opinions of authorities, as well as your personal point of view. Finally, you need to conclude if the initial argument is solid and if it can be sustained.

Another possible but not mandatory section, which is common for academic essays is the limitary. Here, you can write about the limits of your reasoning, and the premises of the essay. In this type of internet writing, you should respect the rule of +/- 10%, unless something else is specified. This means that the essay must not be longer or shorter than 10% from the imposed length. For example, for an essay of 3000 words, it is accepted to write 2700-3300 words.

In some rare cases, it is difficult to express all the ideas in the required word length. In this case, you must replace your point of view with a research question, which must correspond to the same criteria, with the exception that the author would delay taking a clear position about the subject. This approach is not recommended, but if it is necessary, you must expose the answer to your question at the end of the essay.

If you want to offer this type of web content service to your clients, it is important to write a bibliography. Copied content makes an essay worthless, so if you have quotes in your work, you should state all the sources that you have been using.

Offering such website contents is not that easy, as the rules must be applied rigorously, but if you are able to respect those ideas, you will discover the advantages of offering such services, as they are really well paid.


The Best Way to Prepare an Essay


Best essay is the most popular topic especially among the students. People are running behind the writing service in order to get the best one. We could see plenty of such writing services in market available. But do we really think for a second whether they are providing genuine essays or not? No, because we believe that they are providing us the high quality essays. But the truth is that they are not providing us the unique contents instead fooling the client’s specially students.

I know one of such incidents which had happened with one of my friends. He has ordered an essay with some well know writing service. And they have provided the best essay within the time period which was given. They provided the report along with the grammar checker and slightly plagiarism checker which only checks the contents with some of online source. But when he submitted in college his essay was marked as copied. The reason is that in colleges they usually give the topic that is already given previously or circulate the same topics with a certain time period. So this essay writer will already have those essays readymade as topic is same. Hence, they will slightly do some changes to it and present it as a fresh essay with unique content. This is the most common case which I have seen. The plagiarism checker of such services doesn’t check with the contents in the college database so it’s easy for them to fool the students and loot money from them. I have shared those article just to make people alert that such things are happening around us so beware of such fraud or fake companies. We are paying a lot of money for a simple essay so we shouldn’t waste it on such fake writers.

Now a day the most effective way to get exposure is through freelance works. As internet is spread all over the world it is easy for the writers who work for writing service to get good publicity. There are many tools available now days; So that the writers need not be a professional writer to write articles and blogs as they can correct the spelling mistakes and grammatical errors online. The most important thing they should keep in mind is about the content they are going to write. And the plagiarism checker tool enhances it by helping to find out whether the contents are unique or not.

Regards https://waltessays.com/


How to Write an Effective Essay

Writing essays is of paramount importance. Numerous people face difficulties while writing an essay. If you don’t know how to do it, then it could make you crazy within minutes. This article talks about how to write an essay effectively. Hope you will learn some good techniques and will apply them accurately when you write the next essay. Let’s get started.

Research Extensively: Chances are that you don’t know about the topic very well, so your first task would be collecting information as much as possible and read them attentively a few times to gain adequate knowledge. You could use the Internet, relevant books, library, etc. to boost your knowledge.

Brainstorm Well: You must brainstorm to understand the information accurately. Ask questions to yourself and answer them. Try to add this information in your essay to make it a more informative, enriched essay.

Outline Carefully: You should have a boundary. Before you start writing, make an outline. You should not write a very long essay or a very short one. You should emphasize on all points in your essay equally.

Start with Confidence: Time to start writing. Try your best to make an impressive introduction. In fact, the title and the first paragraph of your essay are very important. If you can’t make a nice impression quickly, then your readers will not waste their valuable time reading your low-quality essay. So, try your best to get a dashing start.

Make Easy-to-Read Paragraphs: You need to break the essay into few paragraphs; otherwise, it might look difficult to read and understand. Each paragraph will express a certain idea. Make your readers feel that you are talking to them.

Conclude Smartly: Time to wrap up. You must add adequate information in your essay. Then in the conclusion section, show some logics or make a call to action. In fact, the success of your essay depends hugely on the conclusion section.

Proofread Carefully: You must proofread even if you are confident that it does not have any mistakes. Look at the grammar, spelling, flow of the sentences, etc. to make it sound accurate and natural. When you are done, take a break, and proofread it minimum a few hours later. Fresh eyeballs might find some new errors or areas of improvisation.

These are the most common, effective tips on how to write an effective essay. Follow them. You should try your best to make sure that your readers read even the last word of your essay. Happy essay writing!


Essay Writing Technique – 7 Simple Steps

When I was young each fresh piece of serious work used to seem to me for a time — perhaps a long time — to be beyond my powers.” Bertrand Russell — “How I Write”, The Writer, September 1954.

Writing essays, articles and research papers may sometimes seems to be beyond our powers. Surely, organization and persistence are the keys in the process of writing. In what follows, there are seven hints for writing an essay:

  1. Separate the different parts of the process associated with the writing: research, inspiration, organizing ideas, writing, and editing.

  2. Make a list (10-20 items). Simply jot down phrases, keywords, definitions, questions, images and whatever which relates to the topic (the main essay subject). And then gather in big themes the ideas that can be connected.

  3. Build an essay structure (template): title, opening sentence, background, statement of scope, thesis statement (or the position statement), development of ideas (with at least three main points and secondary points), and conclusion (summary paragraph). All the supporting paragraphs of the main body must have a strong organization, namely: topic sentence, evidence, commentary, and concluding sentence. Essays have many purposes, but the basic structure is the same.

  4. Work on the individual sections: write the main body first, then the introduction, the title and the conclusion. And expand these sections: use always concrete and clear examples to argue on your thesis.

  5. Edit and wrap up the paragraphs. Observe the logical linkage between the paragraphs and use appropriate transitional phrases. Introductory words such as “In fact”, “Equally import”, “All things considered”… are an “additional plus” as they show a knowledge of the literary language. In a word, the essay must flow smoothly.

  6. Check the cohesion or the sense of the development, verifying if the thesis statement is functioning as a unifying spark.

7. Revise for grammatical and writing flaws.


SAT – Ace the Essay

The SAT allots 25 minutes for the essay writing portion of the Exam. Typically, the exercise takes the form of an assertion that the Exam instructs the student to defend with an essay that elucidates the student’s support of the assertion. Readers grade the essay based according to several criteria: a convincing development of the writer’s position, selection of relevant examples to bolster the writer’s position, smooth progression from idea to idea, use of varied sentence structure, appropriate vocabulary, and good grammar. As if that weren’t enough, to obtain a top score, you must write 400 words, constructed in 3 or more paragraphs.

Sounds daunting? In two critical ways, the Exam makes this easier than you might think. First, Exam topics generally come from a limited range of choices. Exam topics tend to be ones relevant to teens about to enter college. Common topics include education, success, challenges, risk taking, self-knowledge. But, ETS generally avoids topics which are emotionally charged or controversial. Therefore, be prepared to sound as if you have deep convictions about a relatively bland subject. Second, ETS has published top scoring SAT essays. They adhere to a formula, both in length and style. State your position in the first paragraph. Use two or three sentences to amplify that position. Follow with two paragraphs of relevant examples, either from history, literature, current events, or your personal experience. Use the final paragraph to sum up and state your conclusion.

Even if you can’t pull all of that off in 25 minutes, if your preparation leading up to the Exam involves writing on typical SAT topics and doing so within the confines of a time limit, you’re on your way to maximizing your score. Still stuck? Look at any SAT practice book for a list of past essay topics. Start to compile lists of relevant examples that you could use to support any of the propositions the Exam has posed in the past. Such examples are everywhere – in newspapers or in on-line news articles, in your personal reading and in class assignments, even in the movies you see. The trick is to note them and to start compiling written lists of them.


Writing Essays – Seeing the New View in Carl Sagan’s Essay, The Abstraction of Beasts

If you’ll follow and learn this three-step method of analyzing published essays I show here, you’ll be able to understand published essays and write your own essays about them.

Carl Sagan has written an excellent essay, “The Abstraction of Beasts,” providing another strong illustration of the old view – new view pattern intuitively used in all published essays.

#1 – Usually in the first paragraph, an old view is stated that leads directly to a new view thesis, most often a reversal of the old view. The new view thesis is stated at the end of that paragraph or within the next paragraph or two or so, depending on the length of the essay.

You noticed, didn’t you, that Sagan immediately identifies the old view in the very first sentence of the first paragraph:

“Beasts abstract not,” announced John Locke, expressing mankind’s prevailing opinion throughout recorded history.

Hard to miss, right? But did you spot the new view thesis in his second paragraph? There, Sagan suggests his new view thesis reverse of the old view with two questions:

Could abstract thought be a matter not of kind but of degree? Could other animals be capable of abstract thought but more rarely or less deeply than humans?

Note that, although he’s suggesting a reverse of the old view, Sagan is saying, not of kind but of degree and but more rarely or less deeply than humans. So he’s suggesting that the reverse of Beasts abstract not is possible- that beasts actually do abstract – but perhaps not a complete reversal, not fully up to the level of human abstracting. Now read paragraphs three and four of the essay (begins, We have the impression that) and four (begins, There is, of course,). In that third paragraph-after restating in the first sentence the idea that animals are not very intelligent-Sagan asks a long question: But have we examined the possibility of animal intelligence carefully enough, or, as in Francois Truffaut’s poignant film “The Wild Child,” do we simply equate the absence of our style of expression of intelligence with the absence of intelligence?

The important part of that question is the very last part – or do we simply equate the absence of our style of expression of intelligence with the absence of intelligence?

To respond to that question, Sagan then provides a quote from Montaigne (who in 1580 published the first book ever on essays) that questions man’s ability to communicate, not animals’ ability to communicate. (Ignore the footnote in the essay, but read it later, okay?)

The first sentence of the fourth paragraph begins by reversing the first sentence of the third paragraph (animals are not very intelligent), or at least indicating that there’s an exception: There is, of course, a considerable body of anecdotal information suggesting chimpanzee intelligence.

With that beginning, you expected to find more about chimpanzee intelligence, right?

Now read paragraphs five (begins, Wallace concluded), six, and seven to see if you do find that out. Pay special attention to the last sentence of that seventh paragraph.

Paragraphs five, six, and seven do provide examples of animals showing some signs of intelligence: the baby orangutan, the chimpanzee genius, the two chimpanzees abusing the chicken, and the newborn chimp with the newborn baby being raised as equals in a human household. But at age three, the chimp could say only three words, with enormous difficulty, while the human child was happily babbling away.

Sagan then summarizes those examples by stating that chimps are only minimally competent with language, reasoning, and other higher mental functions, and he repeats the old view again: Beasts abstract not. That could be a signal the new view support is about to begin.

Now, in Sagan’s essay, read the next four paragraphs, starting with the paragraph beginning, But in thinking over these experiments and reading through the paragraph that starts with, There is by now.

In the first three of the next four paragraphs (beginning with, But in thinking over these experiments), Sagan points out how Beatrice and Robert Gardner had the brilliant idea of teaching chimpanzees a language they didn’t have to use with their mouths, the American sign language, Ameslan. Sagan doesn’t use enough keywords to let us know he’s getting back to the new view, but that’s just what he’s doing-and support does follow right away, starting with, There is by now.

#2 – Right after the new view thesis is stated, support for it begins with a story, an example, or reasoning.

And in the paragraph that begins, There is by now, Sagan generalizes that there’s a vast library of descriptions and films of chimpanzees using sign language, and then he narrows down his information to the fact that chimps are remarkably inventive in the construction of new words and phrases. In other words, chimpanzees are recorded on film-and in other ways-many times in the act of abstracting with Ameslan. (It would have been helpful if Sagan had come right out and used the keywords abstract or abstracting or abstractions, right?)

Then, despite not using introductions like for instance or for example for the next six paragraphs, Sagan gives specific examples of exact words and phrases of abstractions created and used by chimpanzees.

Take a good look at that by going back to the essay and reading from the paragraph starting, On seeing for the first time, all the way through the paragraph starting, Having learned the sign ‘open’ with a door. Then return here so we can round out our discussion on support for the new view thesis.

After all those examples of abstractions, the rest of the support for the new view thesis that beasts do abstract much like humans, includes-

  • Boyce Rensberger, the American reporter, talking Ameslan with Washoe, the chimp (Ameslan was Rensberger’s first language)
  • Chimpanzees & other primates learning other gestural languages
  • Signing primates compared with microcephalic humans
  • Chimps have parts of their left brain removed, resulting in loss of language capability, just as that removal does in humans
  • Primates passing on information from generation to generation
  • The mini-story of Helen Keller learning language
  • A quote from Charles Darwin about the effects of using language

#3 – The conclusion should briefly restate the new view thesis, summarize the thesis support from body paragraphs, and look to some future aspect of the new view.

In the fifth paragraph before the conclusion, which begins, The continued use, Sagan begins looking to the future.

Go and read that paragraph, and read through to the end of the essay.

In that paragraph, Sagan asks questions about what would happen if chimpanzees were to establish a tradition of sign language usage for a couple of hundred years – or even for a couple of thousand years, such as we humans have done with language. And he speculates that in a few thousand years chimpanzees might have myths and legends about the origins of their language, just as we have our legends of Prometheus about the origins of mankind’s language.

Then, in the very last paragraph of the essay, Sagan backs up and begins talking about the possibility that we humans may have systematically exterminated or killed nonhuman primates because they were competition for us, and so we cut off their progression toward a civilized, language-oriented future:

We may have been the agent of natural selection in suppressing the intellectual competition. I think we may have pushed back the frontiers of intelligence and language ability among the nonhuman primates until their intelligence became just indiscernible. In teaching gestural language to the chimpanzees, we are beginning a belated attempt to make amends.

Sagan’s conclusion is weak on restating the old view and on summarizing main points that support the new view thesis. But the last sentence of Sagan’s essay does suggest a future continuation of mankind’s current effort to teach sign language to chimpanzees with, We are beginning a belated attempt to make amends. If we are beginning, then that strongly suggests more to follow in the future.


Japanese Genkouyoushi and Essay Tips

It’s a type of paper used in all manuscripts of writing in Japanese. Vertical writing usually starts from right to left and top to bottom. Horizontal writing starts from left to right and top to bottom. Here are some tips for you.

Vertical Writing

  1. Title: write the title in the 1st line. The 1st word starts from the 4th square. If the title starts with numbers, write them in Kanji.
  2. Name: writer’s name is on the 2nd line. Last name comes before the first name. Leave 1 square between the last and first name. Leave 1 square below the first name as well.
  3. The First Sentence of the Essay or Paragraph: starts from the 3rd line in the 2nd square. Each new paragraph starts from the 2nd square.
  4. Punctuation Marks: usually occupy their own squares. Exception: when they will occur at the top of next line, we write them at the bottom right quarter next to the last word of the current line.
  5. Small Characters: each occupies 1 square and we place it on the top right quarter of the square.
  6. The Subheading (if applicable): has 1 empty line before and after. It starts from the 3rd square of a new line. If there are no subheadings, just start the next paragraph in a new line after the previous one.
  7. Elongation Mark: when writing from top to bottom, the elongation mark should also be written from top to bottom in the middle of the square.
  8. Writing Numbers: use kanji instead of Arabic number. One number occupies 1 square.

Horizontal Writing

  1. All the rules (1-8) in vertical writing would normally apply to horizontal writing.
  2. Small characters occupy in the bottom left quarter of 1 square.
  3. When writing conversation script, we use the Japanese quotation mark.

Essay Tips

  • Always aim to write about 90% of the words required. Between 90-100% is great. Below 80% will not give you good marks.
  • Always write Kanji if you can. Too many Hiragana will not help you get good marks.
  • Be consistent. Stick to whichever the form you choose to use for sentences throughout the essay. To include all what you wanted to write about without exceeding the word limits, we recommend to use the plain form. The plain form also gives the friendly feeling to readers.
  • Avoid using slang or colloquial words/ expression in the formal essay writing.
  • Avoid repeating the same words or the same content too often.
  • Avoid writing a sentence that is longer than 2 lines of the Genkouyoushi.
  • Ensure the logic of the sentence flows.
  • Ensure there are no typos or writing errors. e.g., You are thinking of 1 word but you wrote it differently.
  • If you need to write in pencil, please make sure you choose the proper one for clarity of reading and ease of writing.

‘H’ indicates the hardness. e.g., 3H is harder than H.

‘B’ indicates the blackness. e.g., 3B is softer than B.

‘F’ indicates that you sharpen the pencil to a fine point.


ICSE – How to Frame an Argumentative Essay

Writing an essay is no mean task. And if it is an argumentative essay, the task becomes all the more uphill. An argumentative essay demands that you should be able to portray your point of view very clearly. Thus there is no place for vague generalizations in an argumentative essay. This is the basic that you should bear in mind before starting out on an argumentative essay. Having said that, let us look into the argumentative essay in some more detail.

The Introduction: The best way to start the argumentative essay is by taking the subject head-on. Your stance should be clear from the very beginning.

The Body: Every paragraph in the essay should be geared towards establishing your stance. To do so, you may take the help of personal examples, well known historical events, facts and statistics, quotations and the like. But do not use these just for the sake of it. That would fill your easy with fluff. Rather, you should concentrate on those points that really strengthen your argument.

Each statement is a double headed Janus. It is the first rule of studying law. There are always multiple ways of dealing with an issue. Arrange the arguments in order of strength. Validate each argument with substantial evidence supporting or rejecting it. Balancing the arguments is the name of the game. Remember, leaving an impact on the reader is your prime focus. Attend debates or listen to news debates and see how each speaker fights it out for what he believes to be right. Convince the reader you are the most logical and you have his vote. It is what politicians do all the time.

“No fence-sitting”. You must take a stand while writing an ICSE essay. So make sure the counter arguments you put forth do not water down your essential argument. Use facts to strengthen your viewpoint. Nothing replaces the bare effectiveness of real statistics and facts. Define key terms where necessary and outline any assumptions you may have made while reaching to a conclusion.

The final word. Like a hangman’s axe, the final sentence of your essay must say it all in a single stroke. A nice quote, a witty detail or an interesting anecdote will finish the job.