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History 130 quiz 2 exam


History 130 Quiz 2
1. FDR not only strengthened the office of the presidency, he tried to dominate the other branches of government. He was relatively successful during his first administration in ________, but unsuccessful during his second in ________.
A. building up the federal bureaucracy; reducing the power of the states
B. getting Congress to pass his legislative proposals; reshaping the Supreme Court
C. appointing sympathetic judges to the lower courts; getting Congress to sustain his vetoes
D. Supreme Court rulings on the constitutionality of the New Deal; trying to purge Democrats who had begun opposing him
2. Besides the defeat of the discredited Hoover, what else did the election of 1932 accomplish?
A. It returned the popular Roosevelt to the White House.
B It solidified the shift to a Democratic party majority.
C It proved that in times of crisis, a presidential election will be a very close race.
D It brought to the presidency a man with a coherent philosophy and program for ending the Depression.
3.  The National Recovery Administration and the Agricultural Adjustment Administration shared what strategy to stimulate the economy?
 A.minimum wage and maximum price rules to raise consumer purchasing power
 B. a bimetallic standard to increase the money supply
 C.a voluntary, private sector-government partnership to limit production and raise prices
 D. government-guaranteed loans to “bail out” banks, big businesses, and large farms that faced probable bankruptcy
4. Which program was enacted during the Second New Deal?
 an outdoor work program for unemployed young men
 a flood control project for the Tennessee River
 an insurance program for the elderly
 a program to stabilize and regulate banking
5. During her years as First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt
 was a passionate spokeswoman for the underdog and the disadvantaged.
 developed a campaign staff in preparation for a race for political office.
 quietly directed her attention to private philanthropic charities.
 remained largely a supportive wife who managed White House social events.
6. Which of the following did the Supreme Court declare wholly or partly unconstitutional?
 National Labor Relations Act and Social Security
 Civil Works Administration and Works Progress Administration
 Tennessee Valley Authority and Civilian Conservation Corps
 National Recovery Act and Agricultural Adjustment Act
7. Which one of the following best describes President Herbert Hoover’s initial approach to the Great Depression, as your text portrays it?
 A. efforts to promote the same kind of relationship between government and business that he’d advocated during his term as secretary of commerce
 B. total inactivity; isolated in the White House, he had no compassion for the poor
 C. a commitment to direct federal relief payments to the unemployed
 D. rhetoric about a “new deal for the American people,” but no concrete and specific proposalsNational Recovery Act and Agricultural Adjustment Act
8. One of  the most important achievements of the New Deal in the area of banking was included in a 1933 act. This key reform was?
 in allowing weak banks to default on corporate loans so that they could meet their obligation to individual depositors.
 the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, so that the government would guarantee bank deposits.
 the creation of the Federal Reserve System to regulate the banking industry.
 the uniting of investment and commercial banking so that bankers could more readily transfer depositors’ money.
9. During the Depression, the federal government began to deport
 Jews.
 Mexicans.
 Japanese.
 anarchists.
10. Most Depression movies, like much of popular culture, tended to
 critique the status quo.
 push the limits of sex and violence in a time of social upheaval and discontent.
 provide dark images of horror or tragedy that played to the emotional despair of a suffering nation.
 uphold the basic social and economic values of America.
11. In the “Second New Deal,” Roosevelt did all of the following EXCEPT
 embrace the concept of work relief.
 establish full economic recovery.
 move leftward politically.
 stress more sweeping reforms to initiate the welfare state.
12. The dust storms that devastated the plains resulted from all the following EXCEPT
 intensive agriculture.
 drought.
 logging of the region’s trees.
 overgrazing.
13. One result of the “Dust Bowl” was that:
 big industrial agricultural cooperatives broke up into smaller units.
 California became the most populous state in the union.
 Mexican Americans and African Americans took advantage of the opportunity to settle abandoned land.
 several million people on the plains abandoned their farms and moved west.
14. Herbert Hoover’s response to the Great Depression can best be summarized as
 a series of attempts to lay the blame on speculators or international conditions to deflect political attacks.
 a stoic decision to do little but reduce federal spending and await the eventual cyclical recovery.
 initially, a voluntarist approach to both recovery and relief, but then an unprecedented series of active government measures.
 no sympathy for individuals, and only verbal encouragement to business to build public confidence.
15. The chapter introduction tells the story of federal investigator Lorena Hickok to make the point that
 A. Franklin Roosevelt not only had to lead the nation out of Depression, he also had to cope with entrenched opposition to his reforms within the federal government itself.
 B. the decade of the Depression and the New Deal was also the decade of gangsters, environmental abuse, and underground radical movements.
 C. Depression-bound Americans found hope in liberal social welfare programs of an activist federal government.
 D. while New Deal programs helped many Americans, a closer look revealed inefficiency, corruption and waste
16. With the election of 1936, your text points out,
 a pattern of fairly close presidential elections was established.
 race replaced religion as the main predictor of loyalty to the Democrats.
 class replaced region as the dominant element in American politics.
 minority voters went to the polls in declining numbers.
17. The New Deal, according to the assessment in your text, offered a legacy in all the following ways EXCEPT in
 bringing recovery from the Great Depression.
 making an active government responsible for economic security in America.
 modernizing and personalizing the American presidency.
 preserving and even strengthening capitalism.
18. Franklin Roosevelt’s new Democratic coalition:
 united Democrats in the South with citizens in industrial cities.
 united newer white-collar Democrats with southern “rednecks.”
 united Democrats in the South with the rising middle class of the far West.
 split the Republican alliance of the business class and “TR progressives.”
19. What best describes the character of the post office murals painted during the Depression?
 They tended to idealize a better future, rather than sound themes from the past.
 They showed common folk from the region doing common, traditional tasks.
 They glorified the worker, subtly criticizing big business.
 They featured patriotic symbols to inculcate loyalty to the federal government.
20. As Herbert Hoover entered the presidency in 1929, all of the following were true of him EXCEPT that he
 was a self-preoccupied investment banker.
 was a self-made millionaire.
 had headed a successful mine engineering firm.
 enjoyed a reputation as a humanitarian.

 

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